Shoelace formula – Wikipedia

The shoelace formula, shoelace algorithm, or shoelace method (also known as Gauss’s area formula and the surveyor’s formula) is a mathematical algorithm to determine the area of a simple polygon whose vertices are described by their Cartesian coordinates in the plane. It is called the shoelace formula because of the constant cross-multiplying for the coordinates making up the polygon, like …

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shoelace_formula